Latest figures show that last year, enough electricity from renewable sources was generated in Scotland which was enough to meet about 90.1 per cent of the total energy consumption.
There was an increase of 13.4 per cent in electricity generated from renewable sources in 2019 compared to 2018 – which was equivalent to 30.5 TWh of electricity, showed data from the Scottish government.
That power is enough to charge almost 6.7bn mobile phones for a year, or boil about 700bn kettles.
The country has set a target of achieving 100 per cent of its electricity needs from renewables by the end of 2020. And considering that the country only generated 27.2 per cent of its electricity needs from renewable sources in 2009, it can be said that the country has made good progress in this regards.
The amount of energy produced in Scotland from renewable resources increased between 2017 and 2018 to 21.1 per cent even though electricity accounts for only a part of the mix of the energy Scotland needs.
The Scottish government will need to further enhance renewable electricity supplies in order to meet its targets of decarbonizing energy-intensive industries reducing carbon emissions from heating buildings and transport.
The government has set a target of achieving 50 per cent of the country’s energy needs, across electricity, heat and transport, from renewable sources by 2030.
Reduction in burning fossil fuels has been focus of Scotland to achieve the target. The country saw the closing down of its last coal-fired power station in Longannet in 2016. And the lone gas-fired power station in the country is at Peterhead in Aberdeenshire.
Scotland’s main sources of renewable power is onshore wind, which generates about 70 per cent of the total renewable energy generation – followed by hydro and offshore wind power.
The Beatrice offshore wind farm is Scotland’s largest single source of renewable energy. Its 84 turbines – each with three 75m (246ft) blades – went into operation last year. The wind farm is capable of generating enough power for 450,000 homes.
There has been a temporary drop in carbon emission because of the novel coronavirus pandemic. But in order to achieve zero net emissions of carbon, there is need to bring in fundamental changes in the way we live our lives.
Net zero means any emissions will be balanced out by schemes to offset an equivalent amount of greenhouse gases from the atmosphere – such as planting trees, or using technology to capture carbon and store it.
A legally-binding target to cut greenhouse gas emissions to net zero by 2045 has been set for itself by the Scottish government.
Its targets are “the toughest anywhere in the world”, the Scottish government says. They are certainly among the most ambitious.
Legislations with the same goal have been passed by other countries – such as Sweden.
(Adapted from BBC.com)